What Are Accounts Receivable Financing and its benefits

Companies that use accounts receivable financing transfer some or all of their open accounts to lenders to obtain an advance. That is done for a fee. Accounts Receivable AR Financing permits organizations to receive early amounts on their unsettled invoices.

Compared to asset-based loans, firms have more flexibility to select debtors for transactions and trades. But investor fees may be higher and credit lines lower comparatively.

Like ABL, all trade accounts receivable are recognized as bad debts pending in the company’s balance sheet.

The essential kinds of receivables finance:

Asset-Based Lending (ABL)

Asset-based loans are also called commercial loans. They are also sometimes known as traditional loans. They are an on-balance sheet method that usually comprises of a substantial fee. Organizations covering most of its debtors from this scheme has limited flexibility to deal with debtors.

Traditional Factoring

Unlike the reverse factoring, a company sells its accounts receivable to a third party through traditional factoring. However, the amount of the down payment is less than the total amount receivable. For instance, a company may get an advance payment of 80% of the invoice amount net of the processing charges.

Selective Receivables Finance (SRF)

Selective receivables finance permits firms to select which debtors to advance for prompt disbursement. Moreover, selective receivables finance permits organizations to secure their prompt payment for the full cash money of each debtor. Financing rates are usually less comparing to other alternatives. This approach may not be considered as debt-dependent on the program structure. The reason is that selective receivables finance is ignored during the creation of the balance sheet. Also, it does not influence the debt ratios or other unsettled credit lines.

Why Selective receivables finance always considered as a preferred choice?

Matching with the ABL as well as traditional factoring, SRF offers cash flow profits efficiently. It also comprises of low costs and risks. One of the main reasons is that it is not counted as debt.

When created adequately, SRF is not reported as a transaction in the financial statements. It does not have any influence on unsettled credits or future requirements for lines of credit.

Moreover, it is the organization that has the option to select which debtors are paid promptly. Firms can select the debtors from their choice. It is their preference that receivable should submit early disbursement.

As an outcome, they can more adequately monitor their capability to trade-off profits and funding expenses.

Also, selective receivables finance encourages firms for participation only when it requires. That is essential for companies that face seasonal risks in demands or during times of economic downfall.

SRF can encourage a company to incorporate various funders into a scheme. This decreases the internal risk based on a single financial association. 

How Does Selective Receivable Finance operate?

The most effective selective debt financing program is backed by a state-of-the-art software platform. It allows companies to sell prepaid invoices before the actual payment deadline.

However, in most cases, it does not require any participation from its consumers. The platform allows the real sale of claims, not factoring or loans.

The platform automatically processes all transactions between various clients and offers additional cash flow to organizations. That is mostly done in different countries and currencies. 

Structuring

With the development and integration of new technologies, accounts receivable financing is becoming more common. Moreover, new technologies help link corporate bonds with accounts receivable financing platforms.

AR financing is generally easier for companies to access than other forms of capital financing. This is especially true for small businesses that easily meet loan financing standards. Similarly, big companies can also easily integrate technology solutions with AR financing.

Dating the invoice

Another element to consider in the contract is the date of purchase. Under normal circumstances, you will be billed within 180 days. Companies prefer new invoices that have a higher collection life comparable to those that have a short-life. 

Duration of the Agreement

The duration of the AR financing agreement is important for the company. Either they are months, years or more than that; AR financing can have fluctuating influence on an entity.

Make sure that you understand the duration of the agreement. It does not matter if it is a short or long-term contract; it is still vital to your business. 

Pros of Accounts Receivable Financing

In general, every opportunity to finance a company has its advantages and disadvantages. Accounts receivable financing also possess some key benefits. First, no mortgage or warranty is required.

This is an unsecured commercial financing service that does not require a guarantee in the form of ownership. It helps you retain ownership of your business.

You do not need to get rid of part of your business ownership to finance this type of capital funding.

In addition, accounts receivable financing allows companies to receive money immediately without waiting for long. Comparatively, you do have to do that in obtaining a commercial loan.

When an organization assigns the factoring firm to collect the pending amount, then there is no need to worry about recovery. When a company collects a factoring loan, it immediately receives 100% of its value. No additional charges are deducted.

With the development and integration of new technologies, accounts receivable financing is becoming more common. Moreover, new technologies help link corporate bonds with accounts receivable financing platforms.

AR financing is generally easier for companies to access than other forms of capital financing. This is especially true for small businesses that easily meet loan financing standards. Similarly, big companies can also easily integrate technology solutions with AR financing.

Even though accounts receivable financing has many advantages, it can also have negative consequences on your business.

In particular, the cost of financing the factoring firm may be higher than that of traditional methods. This is majorly for accredited companies.

Companies can lose money through the distribution of debt when selling debtors to factors.

Conclusion

In a loan structure, interest costs may be high or exceed the amount of late payment or amortization interest. Accounts receivable financing procedures are often referred to as factoring companies.

Factoring companies generally focus on debt financing. However, factoring firms can generally be the product of any financier. Funders can prepare themselves in different ways to structure the available contracts with different contingency reserves.

Regardless of its size, a business owner will always need a commercial loan to support its business operations on a daily basis. Companies may need quick resources to improve their businesses.

Unfortunately, credit channels have become particularly narrow, especially for small businesses. Many traditional lenders are reluctant to offer practical help. Accounts receivable financing can help companies overcome these financial challenges.

 

How Do Currencies Swap Work?

Do you have any idea what currency swaps are? They are a critical instrument employed by banks and multinational corporations and investors all over the world.

A currency swap is basically a contract between two parties involving some sort of interest payment and in some cases principal amounts exchange while gaining exposure to the desired currency.

To put it in simpler words, it is an exchange of currency between two parties. It’s usually a company or bank that is the typical party of swap and not necessarily an individual.

This type of swap is also commonly known as a cross-currency swap. There are a lot of similarities between currency swaps and forex swaps and they both function in a similar manner to some extent.

However, some major differences set them apart from each other.

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Difference between FOREX Swaps and Currency Swaps

According to the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), regardless of currency swap, in a forex swap, no exchange of interest occur throughout the contract term. However, the number of funds are exchanged when the contract is about to end.

Forex swaps are utilized by the parties to offset the risk of the exchange rate. Whereas a currency swap can be used to offset both interest rate as well as exchange rate risk.

Financial corporations usually use currency swaps (cross-currency swaps) to fund foreign currency investments.

The duration can range anywhere from 1 to 30 years. Whereas, conventional investors and exporters/importers frequently use forex swaps are that need to strengthen their financial positions.

The duration can range anywhere from one day to one year and in some cases, even longer.

Each of these swaps has distinctive features that make them appropriate for different purposes depending on the investment standpoint and the investor’s risk profile.

Breakdown of Currency Swap Contracts

Currency swaps generally depend on two streams of floating or fixed interest payments dubbed in two dissimilar currencies. The interest payments transfer ensues of rates that are already pre-determined.

Additionally, if the swapping parties decide to exchange principal amounts, these amounts must be swapped at the exact exchange rate on the maturity date.

Currency swaps are most often used to avoid potential risks regarding the ongoing currency exchange rate fluctuations or acquire the lowest possible interest rates on loans in a foreign currency.

However, companies or corporations that operate in different countries utilize currency swap.

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Types of Currency Swaps

The classification of Currency swaps based on types of streams (legs) involved in an agreement or a contract just like a conventional interest rate swap. The most conventional types of currency swaps encountered are as follows:

  • Fixed vs Fixed

In a typical fixed vs fixed currency swap, both legs and streams of currency swap contracts experience payments at a fixed interest rate.

  • Float vs Fixed

In this type of a currency swap contract, one stream of interest payment is fixed, while the other leg represents a stream of floating interest payments.

  • Float vs Float

Float vs float currency swap contract is usually referred to as a basis swap. In this type of currency swap contract, both swaps streams comprise of floating interest payments.

How Does A Currency Swap Work?

For better understanding, let’s assume there are two parties ‘A’ and ‘B’. Both parties are under a contract that allows them to exchange the principal amount of loan along with the applicable interest rate in A’s native currency for a corresponding principal amount with the interest rate applicable to it in B’s currency.

In a typical currency swap scenario, the first party A borrows a definite amount of foreign currency from party B at a pre-determined foreign exchange rate.

During this period party A also lends a corresponding amount in its native currency to party B. Throughout the duration of the contract, both parties pay back at the exchange interest rate in the currency of the principal amount that was received.

Once the contract expires at a later date, both parties can repay the principal amount to each other.

Another good example would be a cross-currency swap between an American and European company. In which the American company borrows 1 billion EUR while lending 500 million USD to the European company with a pre-determined exchange rate of 2 EUR per USD indexed New York Interbank Rate after the initiation of the contract.

During the contract period, the American company will every so often receive interest payments from its European counterpart along with a basis swap price.

It will also be paying the European company in EUR at the interbank rate. After the expiration of the contract, the American company will pay 1 billion EUR back to the European company and receive its starting 500 million USD.

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How Is A Currency Swap Beneficial?

Often times, it is not feasible to get desirable loans in foreign countries. For example, an institution or a business owner might have a hard time getting foreign loans at a desirable and low-interest rate.

In your native home country, however, it’s moderately easy to get loans with desirable interest rates as compared to foreign ones. Similarly, a foreign business owner might find it difficult to get similarly favorable terms in your native country.

Other countries can say the same for you. These situations create the perfect conditions for a currency swap. By signing a currency swap contract between yourself and a foreign business owner, both the parties can, in essence, take care of the loans for each other.

Afterward, they can swap these loans so that both parties receive the benefits of a lower interest rate.

It is very common for swaps to last for a long time based on the contract agreement. During this period, the exchange rate in the market will change drastically more often times than not.

To avoid this fluctuation in exchange rates, business owners or institutions lean towards currency swaps. By agreeing on a currency swap contract, they get to know the exact amount of how much money they will be receiving as well as how much they will be paying back in the future.

There are a variety of ways to pay the interest, such as paying at a floating rate, fixed-rate or even with the combination of two where one party pays at a floating rate while others pay at a fixed one.

Final Thoughts

Currency swap contracts are basically instruments used by corporations and businesses all over the world to counter the constant exchange rate variation in the market. They are usually used for medium to long term periods.

It is always important to learn about the forex market as much as possible as more knowledge of the trading environment will provide you with opportunities to earn interest from currency swaps.

 

Politics And Poverty

The subject of poverty has triggered a fervent debate in the US. Over the course of several decades, there have been discussions and accusations, with policies and politicians criticized for failing to tackle poverty head-on. Despite ongoing arguments, there have been improvements in poverty rates.

The infographic below outlines milestones in the fight against poverty in the 20th and 21st centuries. In 1959, over 27% of the population lived in poverty, and in 2014, the figure had fallen to just over 21%. Since 1970, the average personal wage has also increased by almost 50% to $30,176. 

Policies have influenced poverty rates significantly over the years. In 1935, Franklin D. Roosevelt passed the Social Security Act, paving the way for an array of measures that were designed to reduce poverty and provide opportunities. Public work relief programs and aid for poor families were introduced, and over $4 billion was invested in construction projects. In 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson passed amendments to the Social Security Act, launching Medicare and Medicaid and providing grants for schools and education centers as part of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

More recently, over 22 million Americans were lifted out of poverty in 2012 as a result of Social Security, with 10.3 million moving above the poverty line due to the Supplemental Nutrition and Assistance Program (SNAP). 

Poverty rates have been declining steadily across all demographics, but the most noticeable difference is the drop in over 65s. The proportion of those aged 64 or over living in poverty has fallen from over 35% to 10% since 1959. 


Infographic Designed By Norwich University