What Are Accounts Receivable Financing and its benefits

Companies that use accounts receivable financing transfer some or all of their open accounts to lenders to obtain an advance. That is done for a fee. Accounts Receivable AR Financing permits organizations to receive early amounts on their unsettled invoices.

Compared to asset-based loans, firms have more flexibility to select debtors for transactions and trades. But investor fees may be higher and credit lines lower comparatively.

Like ABL, all trade accounts receivable are recognized as bad debts pending in the company’s balance sheet.

The essential kinds of receivables finance:

Asset-Based Lending (ABL)

Asset-based loans are also called commercial loans. They are also sometimes known as traditional loans. They are an on-balance sheet method that usually comprises of a substantial fee. Organizations covering most of its debtors from this scheme has limited flexibility to deal with debtors.

Traditional Factoring

Unlike the reverse factoring, a company sells its accounts receivable to a third party through traditional factoring. However, the amount of the down payment is less than the total amount receivable. For instance, a company may get an advance payment of 80% of the invoice amount net of the processing charges.

Selective Receivables Finance (SRF)

Selective receivables finance permits firms to select which debtors to advance for prompt disbursement. Moreover, selective receivables finance permits organizations to secure their prompt payment for the full cash money of each debtor. Financing rates are usually less comparing to other alternatives. This approach may not be considered as debt-dependent on the program structure. The reason is that selective receivables finance is ignored during the creation of the balance sheet. Also, it does not influence the debt ratios or other unsettled credit lines.

Why Selective receivables finance always considered as a preferred choice?

Matching with the ABL as well as traditional factoring, SRF offers cash flow profits efficiently. It also comprises of low costs and risks. One of the main reasons is that it is not counted as debt.

When created adequately, SRF is not reported as a transaction in the financial statements. It does not have any influence on unsettled credits or future requirements for lines of credit.

Moreover, it is the organization that has the option to select which debtors are paid promptly. Firms can select the debtors from their choice. It is their preference that receivable should submit early disbursement.

As an outcome, they can more adequately monitor their capability to trade-off profits and funding expenses.

Also, selective receivables finance encourages firms for participation only when it requires. That is essential for companies that face seasonal risks in demands or during times of economic downfall.

SRF can encourage a company to incorporate various funders into a scheme. This decreases the internal risk based on a single financial association. 

How Does Selective Receivable Finance operate?

The most effective selective debt financing program is backed by a state-of-the-art software platform. It allows companies to sell prepaid invoices before the actual payment deadline.

However, in most cases, it does not require any participation from its consumers. The platform allows the real sale of claims, not factoring or loans.

The platform automatically processes all transactions between various clients and offers additional cash flow to organizations. That is mostly done in different countries and currencies. 

Structuring

With the development and integration of new technologies, accounts receivable financing is becoming more common. Moreover, new technologies help link corporate bonds with accounts receivable financing platforms.

AR financing is generally easier for companies to access than other forms of capital financing. This is especially true for small businesses that easily meet loan financing standards. Similarly, big companies can also easily integrate technology solutions with AR financing.

Dating the invoice

Another element to consider in the contract is the date of purchase. Under normal circumstances, you will be billed within 180 days. Companies prefer new invoices that have a higher collection life comparable to those that have a short-life. 

Duration of the Agreement

The duration of the AR financing agreement is important for the company. Either they are months, years or more than that; AR financing can have fluctuating influence on an entity.

Make sure that you understand the duration of the agreement. It does not matter if it is a short or long-term contract; it is still vital to your business. 

Pros of Accounts Receivable Financing

In general, every opportunity to finance a company has its advantages and disadvantages. Accounts receivable financing also possess some key benefits. First, no mortgage or warranty is required.

This is an unsecured commercial financing service that does not require a guarantee in the form of ownership. It helps you retain ownership of your business.

You do not need to get rid of part of your business ownership to finance this type of capital funding.

In addition, accounts receivable financing allows companies to receive money immediately without waiting for long. Comparatively, you do have to do that in obtaining a commercial loan.

When an organization assigns the factoring firm to collect the pending amount, then there is no need to worry about recovery. When a company collects a factoring loan, it immediately receives 100% of its value. No additional charges are deducted.

With the development and integration of new technologies, accounts receivable financing is becoming more common. Moreover, new technologies help link corporate bonds with accounts receivable financing platforms.

AR financing is generally easier for companies to access than other forms of capital financing. This is especially true for small businesses that easily meet loan financing standards. Similarly, big companies can also easily integrate technology solutions with AR financing.

Even though accounts receivable financing has many advantages, it can also have negative consequences on your business.

In particular, the cost of financing the factoring firm may be higher than that of traditional methods. This is majorly for accredited companies.

Companies can lose money through the distribution of debt when selling debtors to factors.

Conclusion

In a loan structure, interest costs may be high or exceed the amount of late payment or amortization interest. Accounts receivable financing procedures are often referred to as factoring companies.

Factoring companies generally focus on debt financing. However, factoring firms can generally be the product of any financier. Funders can prepare themselves in different ways to structure the available contracts with different contingency reserves.

Regardless of its size, a business owner will always need a commercial loan to support its business operations on a daily basis. Companies may need quick resources to improve their businesses.

Unfortunately, credit channels have become particularly narrow, especially for small businesses. Many traditional lenders are reluctant to offer practical help. Accounts receivable financing can help companies overcome these financial challenges.

 

How Do Currencies Swap Work?

Do you have any idea what currency swaps are? They are a critical instrument employed by banks and multinational corporations and investors all over the world.

A currency swap is basically a contract between two parties involving some sort of interest payment and in some cases principal amounts exchange while gaining exposure to the desired currency.

To put it in simpler words, it is an exchange of currency between two parties. It’s usually a company or bank that is the typical party of swap and not necessarily an individual.

This type of swap is also commonly known as a cross-currency swap. There are a lot of similarities between currency swaps and forex swaps and they both function in a similar manner to some extent.

However, some major differences set them apart from each other.

ricky guiterrez-2

Difference between FOREX Swaps and Currency Swaps

According to the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), regardless of currency swap, in a forex swap, no exchange of interest occur throughout the contract term. However, the number of funds are exchanged when the contract is about to end.

Forex swaps are utilized by the parties to offset the risk of the exchange rate. Whereas a currency swap can be used to offset both interest rate as well as exchange rate risk.

Financial corporations usually use currency swaps (cross-currency swaps) to fund foreign currency investments.

The duration can range anywhere from 1 to 30 years. Whereas, conventional investors and exporters/importers frequently use forex swaps are that need to strengthen their financial positions.

The duration can range anywhere from one day to one year and in some cases, even longer.

Each of these swaps has distinctive features that make them appropriate for different purposes depending on the investment standpoint and the investor’s risk profile.

Breakdown of Currency Swap Contracts

Currency swaps generally depend on two streams of floating or fixed interest payments dubbed in two dissimilar currencies. The interest payments transfer ensues of rates that are already pre-determined.

Additionally, if the swapping parties decide to exchange principal amounts, these amounts must be swapped at the exact exchange rate on the maturity date.

Currency swaps are most often used to avoid potential risks regarding the ongoing currency exchange rate fluctuations or acquire the lowest possible interest rates on loans in a foreign currency.

However, companies or corporations that operate in different countries utilize currency swap.

forex charts

Types of Currency Swaps

The classification of Currency swaps based on types of streams (legs) involved in an agreement or a contract just like a conventional interest rate swap. The most conventional types of currency swaps encountered are as follows:

  • Fixed vs Fixed

In a typical fixed vs fixed currency swap, both legs and streams of currency swap contracts experience payments at a fixed interest rate.

  • Float vs Fixed

In this type of a currency swap contract, one stream of interest payment is fixed, while the other leg represents a stream of floating interest payments.

  • Float vs Float

Float vs float currency swap contract is usually referred to as a basis swap. In this type of currency swap contract, both swaps streams comprise of floating interest payments.

How Does A Currency Swap Work?

For better understanding, let’s assume there are two parties ‘A’ and ‘B’. Both parties are under a contract that allows them to exchange the principal amount of loan along with the applicable interest rate in A’s native currency for a corresponding principal amount with the interest rate applicable to it in B’s currency.

In a typical currency swap scenario, the first party A borrows a definite amount of foreign currency from party B at a pre-determined foreign exchange rate.

During this period party A also lends a corresponding amount in its native currency to party B. Throughout the duration of the contract, both parties pay back at the exchange interest rate in the currency of the principal amount that was received.

Once the contract expires at a later date, both parties can repay the principal amount to each other.

Another good example would be a cross-currency swap between an American and European company. In which the American company borrows 1 billion EUR while lending 500 million USD to the European company with a pre-determined exchange rate of 2 EUR per USD indexed New York Interbank Rate after the initiation of the contract.

During the contract period, the American company will every so often receive interest payments from its European counterpart along with a basis swap price.

It will also be paying the European company in EUR at the interbank rate. After the expiration of the contract, the American company will pay 1 billion EUR back to the European company and receive its starting 500 million USD.

budgeting

How Is A Currency Swap Beneficial?

Often times, it is not feasible to get desirable loans in foreign countries. For example, an institution or a business owner might have a hard time getting foreign loans at a desirable and low-interest rate.

In your native home country, however, it’s moderately easy to get loans with desirable interest rates as compared to foreign ones. Similarly, a foreign business owner might find it difficult to get similarly favorable terms in your native country.

Other countries can say the same for you. These situations create the perfect conditions for a currency swap. By signing a currency swap contract between yourself and a foreign business owner, both the parties can, in essence, take care of the loans for each other.

Afterward, they can swap these loans so that both parties receive the benefits of a lower interest rate.

It is very common for swaps to last for a long time based on the contract agreement. During this period, the exchange rate in the market will change drastically more often times than not.

To avoid this fluctuation in exchange rates, business owners or institutions lean towards currency swaps. By agreeing on a currency swap contract, they get to know the exact amount of how much money they will be receiving as well as how much they will be paying back in the future.

There are a variety of ways to pay the interest, such as paying at a floating rate, fixed-rate or even with the combination of two where one party pays at a floating rate while others pay at a fixed one.

Final Thoughts

Currency swap contracts are basically instruments used by corporations and businesses all over the world to counter the constant exchange rate variation in the market. They are usually used for medium to long term periods.

It is always important to learn about the forex market as much as possible as more knowledge of the trading environment will provide you with opportunities to earn interest from currency swaps.

 

Politics And Poverty

The subject of poverty has triggered a fervent debate in the US. Over the course of several decades, there have been discussions and accusations, with policies and politicians criticized for failing to tackle poverty head-on. Despite ongoing arguments, there have been improvements in poverty rates.

The infographic below outlines milestones in the fight against poverty in the 20th and 21st centuries. In 1959, over 27% of the population lived in poverty, and in 2014, the figure had fallen to just over 21%. Since 1970, the average personal wage has also increased by almost 50% to $30,176. 

Policies have influenced poverty rates significantly over the years. In 1935, Franklin D. Roosevelt passed the Social Security Act, paving the way for an array of measures that were designed to reduce poverty and provide opportunities. Public work relief programs and aid for poor families were introduced, and over $4 billion was invested in construction projects. In 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson passed amendments to the Social Security Act, launching Medicare and Medicaid and providing grants for schools and education centers as part of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

More recently, over 22 million Americans were lifted out of poverty in 2012 as a result of Social Security, with 10.3 million moving above the poverty line due to the Supplemental Nutrition and Assistance Program (SNAP). 

Poverty rates have been declining steadily across all demographics, but the most noticeable difference is the drop in over 65s. The proportion of those aged 64 or over living in poverty has fallen from over 35% to 10% since 1959. 


Infographic Designed By Norwich University

How to Save Money For Your Children’s College Funds

College is becoming more and more expensive

When you have kids, you want to make sure that you save up the money for them to get an adequate education, but it’s getting more and more expensive to pay for college. Even more than that, it’s essential to have a plan.

One way to start saving for college is to decide on an amount of money https://www.gcainc.com/the-secret-to-budgeting/ that you want to put away fro college every year. Fidelity investments propose that you multiply your child’s age by 2,000 and that by doing that, you’ll be saving an adequate amount of money.

For example, if you have a three-year-old, that would be $6,000.00. The most important thing is to contribute consistently. Remember, it’s never too early to start saving for college.

When do you start saving for college?

You can start saving for your kid’s college funds as soon as they’re born. Once you have a birth certificate and social security number for your child, you can set up a college savings fund for them. There are many different ways that you can go about starting to save.

Where fidelity gets the $2,000-rule is that there’s an ESA or educational IRA that allows a person to put $2,000 into the account for their child per year. You don’t have to pay taxes on it, which is an advantage. There’s also a 529 plan, and with that plan, you can make more contributions than that $2,000.

Note that the cap on the 529 plan depends on the state where you reside. There’s also UTMA or UGMA accounts. These differ from the 59 or ESA because they aren’t just for education. The custodian of the child controls the account, and once the child reaches 21, or for UGMA, 18, the child gains ownership of the account.

How students save for college

Applying for scholarships is an excellent way to pay for college because if you have a scholarship, you won’t have to set aside as much money or take out loans. Many students get part-time jobs while they’re in school or open a savings account before starting college, where they can set saving money.

Some also take the Summer off of college to work full-time and save up for the following year at school. It’s not always plausible for parents to save enough money for their kid’s college education. Students can participate in the saving process, as well.

One great way to save is to complete your first two years of college at a community college; you can transfer to a four-year school afterward and save a ton during your first two years. At many schools, there are resources such as financial advisors that are willing to meet with students and help them create plans surrounding finances in and after college.

Managing stress around finances and school

Being a student or the parent of a student can be incredibly stressful. If you’re a parent, you might worry about being able to save enough. You could worry about how it might affect you if you take out a Parent Plus loan.

Perhaps you’re concerned about things related to the experience of your kids going away to college such as empty nest syndrome or the safety of your student once they head out for university.

Finances are one of the largest sources of stress for individuals living in the United States, and the monetary strain of college can contribute to that. If you’re struggling with thoughts about saving for college or the college experience itself, therapy or counseling can help.

If you search for “counseling near me,” you can find mental health providers in your area that can help you work through stress and give you a place to talk about your financial problems.

Another option is online therapy, which is excellent for incoming students who are moving and won’t be able to keep seeing someone in their local area or current students who don’t have a lot of time. No matter what you decide, know that it is possible to save money for college, and to maintain a healthy state of mind.

Author: Marie Miguel Biography

Marie Miguel has been a writing and research expert for nearly a decade, covering a variety of health- related topics. Currently, she is contributing to the expansion and growth of a free online mental health resource with BetterHelp.com.

With an interest and dedication to addressing stigmas associated with mental health, she continues to specifically target subjects related to anxiety and depression.

5 Things to Look for in an Online Broker

Finding an online Forex broker can be a fairly confusing task, particularly when you don’t know exactly what you are doing. Granted, as a veteran, you may know all there is to look for – but when you are a beginner or someone that has not been around for long, it might be rather difficult for you to make the right choice.

However, with proper research, you may easily find an online broker that you can trust. You just need to ask the right questions and look for specific things. Here is what a veteran would look for in an online broker.

Security

The first thing to look for in an online broker is, without a doubt, the security that they provide. You need to make sure that they are high level. After all, you won’t just be giving thousands of dollars to someone who just claims they are legit, right?

Checking this is not going to be difficult. There are countless regulatory agencies that you can trust, and you may even check with Trusted Broker Reviews to see exactly what you may expect of them. This will help you separate the trustworthy from the fraudulent.

Deposits and Withdrawals

A good online broker will let you deposit your funds and withdraw everything that you earn without any hassle. In all truth, they have no intention to make it difficult for you – mainly because the only reason they take your funds is to make the trading process easier.

Transaction Costs

When you are looking for an online broker, you also need to keep the transaction costs in mind. No matter what type of broker you are, you will always be subjected to them.

For each payment, you will have to pay for either a commission or a spread – and obviously, you might want to look for the one that has the most affordable fares. Granted, you may have to sacrifice low transaction sometimes in order to get a more reliable broker.

Trading Platform

When it comes to Forex trading, most of the activity that occurs is on a broker’s trading platform. This is why you have to make sure that said platform is stable and user-friendly. Look at what the broker’s platform has to offer and see whether they are worth the investment or not.

Customer Support

No broker is ever perfect – which is why you need to go for a broker that you know you can rely on, should a problem arise. You need to be able to contact them easily, even if you are just in need of some after-sales support.

They should also be able to perform efficiently when you are contacting them with a problem and want to have it solved immediately.

Finding a good broker can be a simple task, provided you know exactly where to look for him. Make sure that you do your research properly and that you choose the best broker available.

Tips To Manage Retirement Funds

It is very frequent (and if it is not so, it should be), that during our active stage we dedicate ourselves with some intensity to plan our retirement. Saving and having private savings to complement our public pension is the best way to guarantee a peaceful retirement and in line with our wishes and needs.

After retirement, another stage opens that we must analyze and plan to properly manage our resources. To get the idea of how you can save your old age financially read further.

Main changes

From the income side: These are reduced compared to the last salary of our active stage by a percentage known as the replacement rate. This rate will depend on the last active salary and the parameters that determine the public pension.

From the expense side: Normally, after retirement, the expense structure is altered. However, it does not have to be reduced compared to the active stage, because what can happen in many cases is that others replace some.

For example, it may happen that travel expenses are reduced, along with eating meals away from home or buying work clothes. However, at the same time, there are previously non-existent expenses, such as those associated with a new hobby to occupy free time.

How to manage savings?

First, it is very important to preserve savings. Once retired, it is not convenient to maintain a speculative saving profile. We do not have a broad time horizon nor do we have high incomes to recover from a bad investment decision. Therefore, it is essential to select our vehicles to channel these savings, always with a conservative approach.

Plan:

At this stage, it is not usual to address large financial objectives such as the acquisition of housing or obviously the start-up of a business. However, it may be necessary to address other issues such as helping a child carry out a project or addressing health care expenses.

In this sense, the planning is important and is based on determining the objective and the term, analyzing the resources we have and establishing how we are going to address that expense while being the most reasonable. If the situation allows it, we set aside little income little by little

The increase in life expectancy causes you to live longer as a retiree. Therefore, the savings should last longer. It is important when planning the stage as retirees to estimate our income and expenses and assess whether the rate of decapitalization (if any) is reasonable. Otherwise, it should be assessed if there are superfluous expenses that we should reduce or eliminate.

Inflation is a silent enemy since it makes our money worth less and less. It is important, without contradicting the conservative approach. The objective of covering inflation is not a priority but an aggressive investment objective. It is relatively simple to achieve in environments of moderate inflation.

The best way to manage our stage as retirees is to have criteria when selecting income and expenses (ideally, the latter do not overwhelm the former). The best we can do in advance in our active stage is to gradually create private savings or a self-managed super fund to complement our public pension and enjoy a comfortable retirement.

If you have additional issues, it is always important to go to your bank or financial advisor. It is never too late to start making financial changes, and if it did not occur to you before it was important to do so, this is the time. Here are four tips so you can make the most of your money at this stage:

1. Train yourself financially

The first thing you should do is learn a bit about finance and the tools you have at hand to save a little more and why not, grow your money. Some banks have programs for the elderly, other institutions also provide courses, you just have to find out and find the right option.

2. Start investing

investment returns

Again, age should not be an impediment. Understand that through several instruments, you could grow your savings to give yourself the odd taste; it will allow you to start investing. One of the easiest instruments to handle is the Term Deposit Certificates. With them, you can deposit the amount you want and not withdraw it until the deadline (for example, one year); when the deadline is achieved, you can withdraw it and collect the winnings.

3. Take advantage of the benefits

There are many places where they offer special rates for retirees. From cinemas, shows, to pharmacies and clothing stores. What you should do is find out which benefit program suits you best and start using it and that is how you can save on your monthly expenses.

4. Don’t try to solve everyone’s problems with your money.

One thing you should remember is that now that you do not work, you should control your income. It does not mean that you can never give yourself a taste, but it also does not have to go through life offering to lend or buy things to others all the time. Now is the time to worry about yourself and start thinking about your finances, dreams, and goals.

Retirement means living without working. It is a stage of life in which, the person for a chronological issue, generally ceased work in a company or organization. He begins to enjoy (in theory) their contributions made during decades of work, or their savings deposited for a certain amount of years in a pension fund. So far, it sounds good, but the truth is that even retirees require careful management of their personal finances.

On paper, the only income a retired worker will receive will be his pension. Nevertheless, beyond that, regardless of the amount of that monthly pension and the mattress that the person has managed to accumulate to face that period, you must consider an important thing.

bills

The retiree will need to put together a budget where you put all your sources of income and expenses. With this, you can keep an efficient control of your money and stick to an elementary rule that does not change even in the third age: always spend less than what you enter.

A person does not choose a single option to keep their money, but rather distributes it into several different risk and return alternatives.

Conclusion

Speaking of expenses, the final advice for retirees is to avoid excessive disbursements that subtract capital. For those daily or recurring expenses, it is best to use the money they receive as profit. The savings deposited in a financial institution must be allowed to grow and generate profitability.

All You Need To Know About Business Car Insurance

Are you aware of your duty to maintain your employees’ car insurance policies? Do you know that you require business car insurance if you use your vehicle for work-related activities? If no, you and your business may be at legal risk for not ensuring that your ‘grey fleet’ is covered.

A grey fleet means a fleet of drivers who use their own vehicles for business purposes. Though it cuts the maintenance costs, the risk your business might face overweighs the benefit. Many of the grey fleet drivers don’t have proper insurance coverage, which puts the businesses at risk of being prosecuted under the UK organizational policy.

Even if you drive your employees or colleagues around, or commute to different locations for work, or anything that you use your vehicle for on behalf of your work-business car insurance is necessary.

What If You Drive Without Business Insurance?

In the UK, there are thousands of uninsured business drivers on the road. Around 31% of the total car crashes in Britain involve someone driving for work. It depicts that people are still unaware of what constitutes the business use of a car. If you ever get involved in a road crash while driving for business, you may not get the compensation unless you have proper coverage.

When Do You Need Business Car Insurance?

A standard car insurance policy covers your car for domestic, social, or personal use, including commuting to and from your workplace. To be on the safer side, you can inform your insurance company that you use the vehicle for this purpose. The insurer will add the designation to your policy to address driving.

Further, if you work for a company that regularly sends you out to different locations, in that case, you need to purchase specific insurance coverage. For this, check with your employer if their company’s insurance covers you in this regard.

What Are The Different Levels Of Business Car Insurance Plan?

There is no one standard business car insurance policy. Depending on your requirements, UK cheap car insurance companies provide a range of options. You need to decide which option works the best for you-

Business Car Use By You

If you drive to a few different places for work, or switch between sites of locations, you can choose this option. This policy covers you, along with the option to add a spouse or a salesperson.

Business Car Use By All The Drivers

Choose this cover option if your vehicle will be driven by you, as well as by the other people for business purposes. They can be your employees or spouse.

Commercial Traveling

If you have to drive frequently to different locations as a permanent part of your business or job, choose this option.

Why Does Business Car Insurance Charge Higher Premium?

Business car insurance premiums are higher than the standard ones. The reason is, a driver who drives a car extensively for business, as well as domestic purposes, is considered riskier. He / She has to cover long distances often on unfamiliar roads or heavy traffic. This leads to an increase in the annual insurance premium rates.

However, finding a very cheap car insurance company UK isn’t a dream! You can compare the rates of the insurance providers and settle for the one that suits your needs and budget.

How To Get A Cheaper Car Insurance For Your Business Use?

There are so many factors that affect the insurance premium rates of a car that you use for business purposes. The cheapest car insurance in the UK provides customers with better deals to help them bring the price down.

Insurers place each car in one of the 50 car insurance groups, and the car placed in group 1 is the cheapest to insure. Further, the security of your vehicle also has a great impact on the insurance price. If you put an alarm or an immobilizer and keep the vehicle in a garage overnight instead of parking it out, you can bring down the cost.

Moreover, the insurers provide careful car drivers with a reward of lower premiums. Try not to claim; it will make you eligible for no claims discount and may cut the cost up to 75%.

Find A Cheap Car Insurance Company

Though business car insurance is a bit expensive, by conducting thorough research, you can get your insurance plan tailored easily!

A good car insurer can answer all your doubts or queries and offer a range of plans to fit your needs. Don’t just settle with one quite! The best way to find cheap car insurance in the UK is to compare quotes, services of different insurers, and go for the one that offers an affordable insurance plan.

Also, make sure that the insurer provides full coverage if something unexpected happens.

Bursting Confusions: Here is the difference between LLC vs. Series LLC

As an entrepreneur and startup owner, a lot of choice await you when you enter the realm of business.

You may follow large successful companies and choose a corporation, or you may structure your business as an LLC or a Series LLC.

Whatever choice you make, in terms of legal entity for your business, it will significantly impact your personal and business life.

LLC and Series LLC

If you own a business, either as a partnership or a sole proprietorship, you should consider setting it up with a Regular or Series Limited Liability Company.

The two business forms have their similarities and differences, which can make the decision between the two quite confusing.

In this blog, we’re going to demystify the subject and help you decide what might best suit your business.

Limited Liability Company

A limited liability company, or shortly LLC, is a type of business structure that offers businesses limited liability but is easier to establish and maintain.

It limits personal liability by legally separating the business from its owners. So, if you have business debt or your business partner is accused of negligence, your personal assets such as home and bank account will not be at risk.

This makes it different from sole proprietorship or partnership, where business debt is also considered your personal debt.

It also avoids double taxation by providing businesses with the pass-through treatment of income for taxation. The owner/s of the Limited Liability Company report their operating results on their personal income tax returns without filing any returns separately for the LLC.

Series Limited Liability Company

The Series LLC or SLLC organizes several businesses under a single business group. Each business in the LLC operates as an independent business, also called cell LLCs. Each cell LLC’s members are liable for their own debts and obligations while the master LLC manages all the LLCs in the series.

The IRS requires each LLC in a series to file federal taxes as separate businesses, and many states follow these requirements when collecting state taxes on profits.

Differences between LLC and Series LLC

The LLC and Series LLC have some major differences in terms of ownership, organizational structure, and availability. It is vital to understand these differences because they will largely guide the nature of the business and how it grows in the future.

Formation and availability

To set up an LLC, the members of the LLC must create and file Articles of Organization.

It is a simple form that asks information such as the LLC’s name, names of the owners, and address. When choosing a name, it is required that the LLC’s name does not match with an existing LLC’s name in the state.

Some state regulations may also require the words ‘LLC’ or ‘Limited Liable Company’ to appear in the business name.

A series LLC is formed in two steps. First, you will need to register the business as an SLLC with your state. Then you will create the cell LLCs in the series through a process described in the operating agreement.

However, series LLCs are not available in all the states. Delaware was the first state that allowed Series LLC, and many other states have followed suit. As of 2019, the following states authorize the formation of Series LLCs.

  1. Delaware
  2. Iowa
  3. Utah
  4. Alabama
  5. Texas
  6. Oklahoma
  7. Nevada
  8. North Dakota
  9. Illinois
  10. Kansas
  11. Montana
  12. Missouri
  13. Indiana
  14. Wisconsin
  15. Tennessee

The state of California doesn’t register a Series LLC; however, you can form a Texas series LLC or a series limited liability company in any other state that allows Series LLC and do business in California.

Ownership

How to recognize fraud and undue influence in wills and estate.

There is no restriction on the number of owners (members) of an LLC. Not only US citizens, but non-US citizens and even non-US residents can become a member of an LLC. A corporate entity can also own a limited liability company.

A series LLC can have as many LLCs (cell LLCs) in it as you want. Each LLC would be distinct and administered and treated separately for their debts and obligations; however, the parent LLC will oversee and control all the cell LLCs in the series.

Registration and Taxation

LLCs can adopt the tax status of a partnership, sole proprietorship, or corporation depending on how it is structured.

The IRS classifies it either as a partnership or sole proprietorship based on the number of owners. This benefits the owner because they only have to pay personal income tax on their profits without paying any corporate or LLC taxes.

In the case of Series LLCs, only the parent/master LLC is required to file tax returns. Additionally, only the parent LLC needs to be registered with the state, which significantly reduces the registration fees and other legal costs. However, all the cell LLCs must be registered in the same state.

Partying thoughts

LLC and Series LLC are simple and less expensive to build and maintain. They are adaptable structures well suited for small and medium-sized businesses. If you are a novice entrepreneur, you should definitely understand both the structures to enjoy the tax benefits, flexibility, and lesser legal requirements.

Author Bio:

About Ashley Rosa: Ashley Rosa is a freelance writer and blogger. As writing is her passion that why she loves to write articles related to the latest trends in technology and sometimes on health-tech as well.  She is crazy about chocolates. You can find her at twitter: @ashrosa2.

Five Reasons to Invest in a Second Passport

Imagine having the freedom to travel, work, live, and enjoy all the world has to offer, unbound by country lines and travel restrictions. This type of freedom doesn’t have to be wishful thinking.

Thousands of individuals globally are taking advantage of a second passport as a means to open up a literal world of opportunities. This is especially useful for those coming from “restricted” countries in the Middle East or where other travel restrictions abound.

Not only can it increase global mobility, but a second passport can also create business opportunities, open you up to an expanded networks of people, and improve your quality of life.

Accordingly, so many professionals, business owners, and travelers are reaching out to companies like Bluemina to explore their options for obtaining a second passport in any one of the top global destinations.

This guide will outline 5 reasons you should invest in a second passport, how to obtain a second passport, and which countries are the easiest to obtain citizenship.

Top Five Reasons to Consider this Investment

Travel Freely without Hinderance

Did you know owning a second passport makes it harder for your home country to place restrictions upon you? Having a second passport grants you access to other countries and allows you to travel Visa-free.

For Example:

  • Dominica Passports: allow visa-free travel to over 130 countries
  • Antigua and Barbuda Passports: allow visa-free travel to over 140 countries
  • Cyprus Passports: allow visa-free travel to over 160 countries
  • Malta Passports: allow visa-free travel to over 180 countries
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis Passports: allow visa-free travel to over 160 countries
  • Saint Lucia Passports: allow visa-free travel to over 120 countries

Imagine opening up a world of possibilities with second citizenships that provide you and your family the ability to travel freely when and where desired. For work or business, the ability to travel visa-free is an important and valued benefit of obtaining a second citizenship in the previously mentioned locations.

Business Opportunities & Reduction of Tax Liability

If you’re an entrepreneur or own a business, making the investment into a country that has a second citizenship program could prove highly beneficial. Doing so will allow you the opportunity to freely conduct business not only in your home country but in other countries as well. It also unlocks a variety of new business connections that you may have otherwise not had access to.

Another key aspect of second citizenship and second passports involves the reduction of tax liabilities. Many countries participating in these programs place an emphasis on tax incentives and privacy in order to attract discerning investors, business and professionals interested in reducing their tax liability while protecting their privacy.

Safety and Security

Having a spare passport may be a literal lifesaver if your home country’s political climate takes an unexpected turn for the worse. Make sure you and your family can easily start a life in a new country (if necessary) without the worry of safety or financial security.

Improved Quality of Life

Being a dual citizen means you can take advantage of your second home country’s healthcare, social services, recreation, and education. Some countries like Portugal have generous programs for its citizens including world-class healthcare and free education.

This is an impressive advantage for those currently residing where healthcare or education systems are lacking in quality, affordability or accessibility.

A Gift for Future Generations

Once you gain citizenship in another country, you will be able to pass on your citizenship to your children and possibly grandchildren. This gives you a lot of security in the event of emergencies. You can easily settle in a new country and not have to worry about getting Visas for your family.

How to Obtain a Second Passport

There are several different ways to get a second passport and the good news is it’s not as difficult as you may think.

  • Relatives or Ancestry: You may be able to gain citizenship by your family’s bloodline. Some countries allow you to apply for citizenship based on your family ties going back to even grandparents.
  • Natural Citizenship: Becoming a natural citizen can take up to 5 years so if you have plans to start a life in another country this may be the best option. Making long-term commitments
  • Economic Citizenship: You can obtain citizenship in another country by making an investment like starting a business, investing in a property, or making a payment to the government. This process is much quicker and more robust than the two mentioned above.

Popular Countries Offering Such Programs

Antigua and Barbuda

  • $100k-$400k investment
  • Asset: Contribution or real estate
  • 4-6 months to citizenship

Cyprus

  • 2.5M Euro investment
  • Asset: Real Estate
  • 6 months to citizenship

Dominica

  • $100k-$200k investment
  • Asset: Contribution or real estate
  • 4-6 months to citizenship

Greece

  • 250k Euro investment
  • Assets: Real Estate
  • 7 years to citizenship

Grenada

  • $150k-$350k investment
  • Assets: contribution or real estate
  • 4-6 months to citizenship

Malta

  • 1.2M Euro investment
  • Assets: Real estate, government bonds, and contribution
  • 6-8 months to citizenship

Portugal

  • 350k-500k Euro investment
  • Asset: Real Estate
  • 6 years to citizenship

Saint Lucia

  • $100k-300k investment
  • Asset: Contribution or real estate
  • 4-6 months to citizenship

Saint Kitts and Nevis

  • $150k (contribution), $200-400k (real estate)
  • Asset: Contribution or real estate
  • 4-6 months to citizenship

Closing Thoughts

For many individuals and entrepreneurs who looking to become global citizens, a second passport is a very worthwhile investment. They can open up the doors for new and interesting opportunities in travel, business, and life.

If you’re contemplating participation in one of these programs, there are a number of companies such as Bluemina who specialize in facilitating the process.

Budgeting for Irregular Income

It may be a popular belief that budgeting is only for those that have steady income, but budgeting for irregular income is encouraged!

Starting a budget plan can be beneficial for people from all different financial backgrounds. You may have commission-based employment, or contract work that can experience low hours.

Regardless of your current financial status, a budget can help you determine where you stand on your financial journey and help you obtain financial stability when you receive irregular income.

Getting Started on Budgeting for Irregular Income

While getting started on budgeting may seem like a daunting task, it is not as complicated as you might think–especially if you have the right resources. Budgeting can be broken down into a few simple steps for convenience.

Here are a few questions to keep in mind about budgeting for irregular income:

What is the Lowest Predicted Amount for Your Monthly Income?

bills

One of the easiest ways to start budgeting is to estimate the lowest possible amount of income you receive, rather than calculate an average. By planning for the worst outcome, you can find a more flexible starting point for your lifestyle budget.

Go through your pay stubs from the past year and find your lowest monthly earnings. Use that amount as a guide for your budget plan. You want to start with a lower number, as it can be easier to add money to the budget rather than deduct it. For example, if you took out a title loan, you can add the funds into your budget at the end of the month.

Effectively Create a Budget Based Off that Number

Creating a budget is much simpler when you have an estimated income to go off of. Once it is established, the next step is to determine your expenses throughout the month. Your expenses can be separated into two different categories:

  • Fixed Expenses
  • Variable Expenses

Your fixed expenses will not change month to month. These expenses should be a priority, such as your rent, car payments, utilities, and any loan payments you may have.

Your variable expenses usually change throughout the month. These can be costs such as clothing, groceries, gas, and entertainment. Usually, when you are adjusting your budget, these are the expenses with the most variance.

Adjust Your Budget and Track Your Spending as Needed

As the month goes on, be sure to track your expenses and look out for any changes in income. One helpful tip for doing so is to carry your budget with you, either in a physical ledger or through an app on your phone. By having easy access to your budget, it can be easier to adjust or document your purchases.

The first few months will be a test drive for you, as it’s going to take time for you to get comfortable tracking your own finances and establishing a sense of responsibility.

Create a Safety Net within Your Budget

One of the most important steps in creating a budget for irregular income is to formulate a safety net for when business may be slower, or when you may have an emergency expense.

What you can do to secure yourself financially is designate at least 10% of your income into a savings account every month. This will ensure that you have a backup plan for when finances are tight!